• Kim Caroll


Updated: Jan 5

Do you know the 4 types of abuse? The four basic types of abuse are: neglect, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and sexual abuse. Often children experience more than one type of abuse. DFPS has information concerning How to Recognize Signs of Abuse. A recent report from TexProtects on the latest information from the datasets from DFPS shows the number of child abuse victims increased to 66,352 in 2018 from 63,657 in 2017. Each day on average 175 children will be victims of abuse. The Children’s Advocacy Centers of Texas has information on keeping kids safe, how to talk to children, how to be aware of the signs of abuse, and the importance of reporting.

Do you know the age group that is most at risk? Children under the age of 4 are most at risk. The CDC has information on the risk and protective factors that are associated with abuse and neglect. Being under the age of 4 is a risk factor as is a family being socially isolated. Protective factors are those environments and family skills that reduce the likelihood of abuse or neglect. Parents who have a strong, nurturing parenting skills as well as communities which support parents are protective factors.

Do you know what ACEs stands for? It is Adverse Childhood Experiences. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, or SAMHSA, has information on Adverse Childhood Experiences and its effect on the health, mental health, and quality of life of persons who have ACEs. ACEs such as abuse, neglect, having a family member who is incarcerated, having a family member with mental illness, or parental separation or divorce have the potential to negatively affect a person’s life. However, protective factors can offset any harm and create resilience.

(Written by Diane Ewing)

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